Keterbacaan Teks Kesehatan dalam Website WHO pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19

Yessy Purnamasari

Abstract


Artikel ini akan membahas keterbacaan teks-teks kesehatan yang dirilis oleh WHO yang berkaitan erat dengan pandemi Covid-19. Melalui metode deskriptif kualitatif, formula Gunning Fog Index digunakan untuk menentukan tingkat keterbacaan melalui prosedur pencocokkan hasil perolehan nilai Fog Index dengan tabel Estimated Reading Grades berdasarkan teori Heydari. Sumber data penelitian berupa empat artikel berbahasa Inggris. Analisis data mengggunakan teori Grammatical Intricacy (GI) dan Lexical Density (LD) yang menitikberatkan pada kerumitan tata bahasa serta kepadatan diksi melalui pemanfaatan text analyzer. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, tingkat keterbacaan teks kesehatan pada website resmi WHO di masa pandemi COVID-19 dikategorikan sebagai teks dengan kesulitan cukup tinggi untuk dipahami dengan skor LD rata-rata 52,55% dan skor rata-rata Fog Index mencapai 12,55. Target pembaca untuk teks ini disarankan adalah masyarakat dengan minimal pendidikan sekolah menengah ke atas agar teks dapat dipahami dengan tepat.

Kata kunci: COVID-19, tingkat keterbacaan, teks kesehatan, SFL

This article will discuss the readability of health articles published by WHO on which relates to the current COVID-19. Through the qualitative descriptive methodology, the Gunning Fog Index formula is used to determine the readability through the procedure of matching the Fog index results with  Heydari’s theory on Estimated Reading Grades. This research takes four main articles written in English as the data. Data analysis by using the theory of Grammatical Intricacy and Lexical Density using text analyzer website. The results show that the health articles published by WHO during the pandemic are difficult to read by the targeted readers as the average LD score shows 52,55% and the average Fog Index score is 12,55. The targeted readers for these texts are those with minimum high school educational background to ensure that the content of the text is correctly understood.

Keywords: COVID-19, readability, health articles, SFL


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35194/alinea.v10i2.1479

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